bibliothèque paris 12

The two institutions battled for space between 1812 and 1842. It was a major step in the creation of modern architecture.,[20][21], The large (278 by 69 feet) two-storied structure filling a wide, shallow site is deceptively simple in plan: the lower floor is occupied by stacks to the left, rare-book storage and office space to the right, with a central vestibule and stairway leading to the reading room which fills the entire upper story. Announced during our Century Gala, this generous sponsorship will allow the Library to continue providing readings, lectures, panels, and other literary events free to the public for the next five years. Later in the century, the American architect Charles Follen McKim used the Sainte-Geneviève Library building as the model his design of the main building of the Boston Public Library. The Library is proud to announce that GRoW @ Annenberg is the official sponsor of our Evenings with an Author series. [10], During the late 18th century, the library acquired copies of the major works of the Age of the Enlightenment, including the Encyclopédie of Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert. The Bibliothèque Sainte Geneviève is easily one of the most visually stunning buildings in Paris. [15], After the expulsion of the library from its old site, the government decided to build a new building for the collection. The success of all students, as soon as they enter university, is a priority for Université de Paris. He saw the library as an important weapon of the Counter-Reformation against Protestantism. [18][19], Unlike earlier buildings, the major decorative element of the building was not on the facade, but in the architecture of the reading room. The Paris campus République site is situated downtown in the 11th arrondissement, in the heart of Paris. : 01 56 61 34 30 Courriel : [bibliotheque.italie@paris.fr après le signe @] ovoyvbgurdhr.vgnyvr@cnevf.se [bibliotheque.italie puis paris.fr après le signe @] Lodgis agency is specialized in furnished serviced apartment rentals in Paris – Discover our selection of apartments and flats for rent in Paris, for one month or more. Led by Paris-based filmmaker and…, *Covid-19 Update: This winter, the Library’s Evening with an Author series will continue to meet virtually, via Zoom. Trouvez votre Bibliothèque médiathèque à Paris 12 parmi notre sélection pour mieux choisir votre Bibliothèque médiathèque à Paris 12 et aux alentours. The vestibule was designed to symbolize the beginning of a journey in search of knowledge, the visitors arrives through a space decorated with murals of gardens and forest and passes busts of famous French scholars and scientists. [22] The monumental staircase from the ground floor to the reading room is placed so it doesn't take any space from the reading room. The Library was still attached to the Abbey and the University of Paris, but it ceased to be a library of theology only; by the mid-eighteenth century a majority of the works were in other fields of knowledge. It was open not only to students, but also to French and foreign scholars. In the new plan, the central bookshelves were removed and tables crossed the room, increasing the seating but reducing the linear effect. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. The Bibliothèque nationale de France (French: [biblijɔtɛk nɑsjɔnal də fʁɑ̃s], "National Library of France"; BnF) is the national library of France, located in Paris.It is the national repository of all that is published in France and also holds extensive historical collections. Evenings with an Author is generously sponsored by GRoW @ Annenberg. La bibliothèque et ses missions; ... 12, rue de l'École-de-Médecine, 75270 Paris CEDEX 06 01 76 53 19 51. In 1892, a hoist was installed to lift books from the reserves to the reading room; it is now on display. Paris: Gallimard. By 1687 the library possessed twenty thousand books, and four hundred manuscripts. Browse indoor maps for thousands of buildings, search for places and get directions. Elle est issue de la bibliothèque personnelle du cardinal Mazarin Pingré remained as direct until his death in 1796. It also appears as a setting in works of fiction, including in Les Illusions Perdues of Honoré de Balzac, in the novels of Simone de Beauvoir, in Ulysses of James Joyce and the writings of Guillaume Apollinaire. Bring along your questions…. [2], By the 9th century, the basilica had been transformed into an Abbey church, and a large monastery had grown up around it, including a scriptorium for the creation and copying of texts. These events, which are free and open to the public, require…, To foster discussion and provide support for our community, we're hosting this special event for parents with digital safety advocate Elizabeth Milovidov. Ground floor plan (entry hall in center and a reserves), Between 1851 and 1930, the library's collection grew from one hundred thousand volumes to over a million, requiring a series of reconstructions and modifications. La bibliothèque est accessible : aux étudiants, enseignants et personnels de Université de Paris ( priorité aux disciplines de sciences humaines et sociales) Pour vous inscrire, présentez votre carte d'étudiant ou votre carte professionnelle … had been students. Jean-Pierre Willesme, « La bibliothèque de l’abbaye de Saint-Victor de Paris », p. 241-255 (lire en ligne) Geneviève Artigas-Menant, « La bibliothèque de Saint-Victor et les Lumières », p. 271-281 (lire en ligne) Encyclopédies. 2019 National Book Critics Circle Award for Nonfiction, 2019 Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction, Metro : École Militaire (line 8), Alma-Marceau (line 9) RER : Pont de l’Alma (line C) Bus Routes : 28, 42, 63, 69, 72, 80, 82, 86, 92 RATP website, Paris’s self service “bike hire” system. 7r. The library possesses a text of the Song of Poliphile published in 1499, with engravings after the drawings of Andrea Mantegna and Giovanni Bellini. She died in 502 and Clovis died in 511, and the basilica was completed in 520. The library has a scope that includes all languages and civilisations that are not those of the Western World. However, the library shared the 18th century building of the old Abbey Sainte-Genevieve with s prestigious school, originally known as the central school of the Pantheon, then as the Lycée Napoleon, and then and today as the Lycée Henri IV. named for the neighboring Abbey church, then under construction, which had also been confiscated and renamed. La bibliothèque Mazarine est la plus ancienne bibliothèque publique de France ; elle est située quai de Conti, dans le 6e arrondissement de Paris. New Testament from the Abbey Sainte-Geneviève depicting the entry of Christ into Jerusalem Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève,(circa 1525-1530) (Ms. 106 f1r (Entrée à Jérusalem), Shortly after Gutenberg produced his first printed books in the mid-15th century, the library began collecting printed books. The texts created or copied included works of history and literature, as well as theology, However, in the course of the 9th century, the Vikings raided Paris three times. The new government health regulat, 2020 Book Award Winner: Maggie Paxson for The Plateau, Virtual Valentines (ages 6-12) [VIRTUAL—RSVP REQUIRED], Teen Writing Group meeting (ages 12-18) [BY APPLICATION—FULL], Evenings with an Author: Suzanne Nossel in conversation with Michelle Kuo [Virtual Public Event; RSVP Required], Story Hour: Valentine’s Day (ages 3-5) [VIRTUAL—RSVP REQUIRED], Evenings with an Author: Paul Richter [Virtual Public Event; RSVP Required], Master Shot Film Club (ages 12-18) [VIRTUAL—BY APPLICATION], Evenings with an Author: Fredrik Logevall in conversation with Charles Trueheart [Virtual Public Event; RSVP Required], Evenings with an Author: Lilianne Milgrom [Virtual Public Event; RSVP Required], You and Your Kids Online: Internet Safety Tips with Elizabeth Milovidov (for parents and caregivers) [VIRTUAL—RSVP REQUIRED]. It was the first library in Paris to be constructed specifically as a library. At the time of the fall of Napoleon, the library had a collection of one hundred ten thousand books and manuscripts. The Library is open for browsing, checkout, and returns. While the Abbey still paid part of the cost, the major part was paid by the City of Paris. Discover Bibliothèque nationale de France (National Library of France) in Paris, France: This massive library holds what was once largest book collection in the world. Situés sur ses campus de Paris, Meudon et … If you haven’t donated this year and you would like to join the hundreds of supporters who have made a contribution in 2020, please use the donate button on this page. Paxson’s book is described by the Book Award jury as “a work of moral imagination, literary skill, depth, breadth, and passion [that] explores a small pocket of rural Southwest France, the Plateau Vivarais-Lignon, whose community took in Jewish refugees from the 1930s through the Holocaust and which today houses one of France’s few centers for asylum seekers.” To watch the Book Award ceremony and hear Paxson’s moving and timely acceptance speech, check out the Library’s YouTube channel. Bibliothèque Nationale de France - Site François Mitterrand Quai François Mauriac - Accès entrée Est - 75013 Paris Gare d'Austerlitz - Bibliothèque nationale de France F. Mitterrand - … The Portuguese novelist Aquilino Ribeiro was a user of the library. All Rights Reserved. The library was granted equal status with the National Library, the future Mazarine Library and Arsenal Library, and could draw books from the same sources. [2] Colette Giraudon, Paul Guillaume et les peintres du XXe siècle: de l'art nègre à l'avant-garde, Paris: La bibliothèque des arts, 1993, p. 132. Informations pratiques, agenda des manifestations culturelles. It is with great pleasure that we announce the winner of the 2020 American Library in Paris Book Award. He traveled to Rome, following Napoleon's army, and arranged for the transfer to Paris of books confiscated from the Papal collections. Bibliothèque tous publics du mardi au vendredi de 10h à 17h, bibliothèques de recherche, site François-Mitterrand, le lundi de 14 h à 17 h et du mardi au vendredi de 10 h à 17 h, sites Richelieu, Arsenal et Opéra du lundi au vendredi de 10 h à 17 h. En savoir. The Bibliothèque nationale de France (French: [biblijɔtɛk nɑsjɔnal də fʁɑ̃s], "National Library of France"; BnF) is the national library of France, located in Paris.It is the national repository of all that is published in France and also holds extensive historical collections. It had originally been occupied by the medieval Collége Montaigu, where Erasmus and Ignatius of Loyola, John Calvin and François Rabelais. The 226 titles and authors included in the 13th century inventory include bibles, commentaries and ecclesiastical history; but also books on philosophy, law, science and literature. Around about 1108, the theology school of the Abbey of Saint Genevieve, was joined together with the School of Notre Dame Cathedral and the school of the Royal Palace to form the future University of Paris. It was to be demolished to make way for the new library. Nom : Bibliothèque Buffon Tél. Born in 1801, he had studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts where he won the Prix de Rome in 1824, and spent six years studying Italian classical and Renaissance architecture. Peyré, Yves (2011). Paris: Hôtel Drouot, May 7-8, 1923 (lot 361: Femme à la cithare). Sainte-Geneviève Library (French: Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève) is a public and university library located at 10, place du Panthéon, across the square from the Panthéon, in the 5th arrondissement of Paris.It is based on the collection of the Abbey of St Genevieve, which was founded in the 6th century by Clovis I, the King of the Franks.The collection of the library was … It held the tombs Saint Genevieve, Clovis, and his descendants. Sainte-Geneviève Library (French: Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève) is a public and university library located at 10, place du Panthéon, across the square from the Panthéon, in the 5th arrondissement of Paris. [3], The library was gradually reassembled. Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Ms. 777, fol. In the 16th and 17th century he library ceased to acquire new books and stopped producing catalogs of its holdings. The library contains around 2 million documents, and currently is the principal inter-university library for the different branches of University of Paris, and is also open to the public. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. While the collection of books remained intact, the famous cabinet of Curiosities was broken up and some its collection was dispersed to the National Library and Museum of Natural History. A new reading room for the library, with an innovative iron frame supporting the roof, was built between 1838 and 1851 by architect Henri Labrouste. Pôle Pharmacie-Biologie-Cosmétologie 4, avenue de l'Observatoire, 75270 Paris CEDEX 06 01 53 73 95 23. The artist Marcel Duchamp was employed in the book reserve in 1913, at the time he was enjoying his first public exhibition in New York.[27]. Designing Paris: the Architecture of Duban, Labrouste, Duc, and Vaudoyer. The doctrines originally taught by Saint Augustine, and promoted by Suger (1081-1151), the influential religious advisor to the King, required the reading aloud of scriptures, and specified that each monastery have a workshop to produce books and place to keep them. The Wars of Religion seriously disrupted the activities of the library. Consultez les horaires des films, avant-premières, séances exclusives, conférences et débats à l’affiche des cinémas mk2 et réservez vos places à l’avance. On Saturday and Sunday, the Library will open early to compensate for the reduced evening hours. The primary decorative element of the facade is a list of names of famous scholars. : 01 55 43 25 25 Courriel : [bibliotheque.buffon@paris.fr après le signe @] ovoyvbgurdhr.ohssba@cnevf.se [bibliotheque.buffon puis paris.fr après le signe @] Today the library is classified as a national library, a university library and a public library. Samuel Zipp is a cultural and intellectual historian at Brown University and is also the author of Manhattan Projects: The Rise and Fall of Urban Renewal in Cold War New York. MEGA provides free cloud storage with convenient and powerful always-on privacy. Tue–Fri: 10h–18h | Sat: 9h30–18h | Sun: 12h–18h | Mon: Closed. [8] The new library director, Jean Fronteau, reached out to writers including Pierre Corneille, and famous librarians including Gabriel Naudé, to update and expand the collection. 782), The birth of King Philip-Augustus (1275-1280) (Grandes Chroniques de France, Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Ms. 782, folio 280). Labrouste also designed building so that a majority of the books (sixty thousand) were in the reading room, easily accessible, with a minority (forty thousand) in the reserves. Paris campus République. The Book Award is supported by generous funding from the Florence Gould Foundation. Many manuscripts were dispersed and sold. 16203, fol. Labrouste went on to design the Salle Labrouste, the main reading room in the old Bibliothèque Nationale de France in the Rue de Richelieu, Paris, built between 1862 and 1868. Since the Lycée wanted the space as soon as possible, all the books had been moved in 1842 to a temporary library in the only surviving building of Montaigu College. Due to the diplomatic skills of the director, Alexandre Pingré, his reputation as an astronomer and geographer, and his contacts within the new government, the collection was not dispersed, and actually grew, as the library took in the collections confiscated from other Abbeys. The Polish Library in Paris (French: Bibliothèque Polonaise de Paris, Polish: Biblioteka Polska w Paryżu) is a Polish cultural centre of national importance and is closely associated both with the historic Great Emigration of the Polish élite to Paris in the 19th-century and the formation in 1832 of the Literary Society (Towarzystwo Literackie), later the Historical and Literary Society. [6], First page of The Book of Genesis, Bible of Manerius (circa 1185), (BSG Ms.8 f7), Illuminated manuscript of the Coronation of King Louis IV of France (1275-1280) (Grandes Chroniques de France Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève,Ms. Paris, the cosmopolitan capital of France, is one of Europe's largest cities, with 2.2 million people living in the dense, central city and almost 12 million people living in the whole metropolitan area. These events, which are free and open to the…, For ages 3-5 3-5 year-olds and their grown-ups are invited to join us for our weekly interactive Wednesday Story Hour! French National Library (Bibliotheque Nationale de France), Paris: Hours, Address, French National Library (Bibliotheque Nationale de France) Reviews: 4/5 [7], The library was brought back to life beginning in 1619, during the reign of Louis XIII of France, by Cardinal Francois de Rochefoucauld. To be notified of the latest programming, please subscribe to our newsletter, e-Libris. He donated six hundred volumes from his personal collection,. For ages 6-12   Enjoy a reading of a delightfully silly Valentine story, then make your own creative Valentine cards for friends and family with the…, For ages 12-18   Join fellow aspiring writers in a relaxed and creative setting where you can share your ideas, get feedback and work on your…, *Covid-19 Update: This winter, the Library’s Evening with an Author series will continue to meet virtually, via Zoom. The library was finally expelled from its building. [17], The new library showed the influence of the prevailing academic beaux-arts style and the influence of Florence and Rome, but in other ways it was strikingly original. The later computerization of the catalog created space for an additional one hundred seats. Website development: Join us next Tuesday 9 February at 19h30 for an in, With restaurants closed here in France, there's no, Library members! Fondé en 1667, l’Observatoire de Paris est le plus grand pôle national de recherche en astronomie. The first record of the existence of the Sainte-Genevieve library dates from 831, and mentions the donation of three texts to the Abbey. 1725, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris..jpg 789 × 1,259; 518 KB BnF MS Gr510 folio 440 recto - detail - Helena and the Invention of the True Cross.jpg 3,933 × 1,982; 1.21 MB However, the Library did manage to retain a large number of objects, including the celebrated astronomical clock, the oldest example of its kind, acquired by the library in about 1695, and a variety of terrestrial and celestial globes, as well as objects illustrating cultures around the world, which are on display in the library today. the slender iron columns and the lace-like cast iron arches under the roof were not concealed; combined with the large windows they gave an immediate impression of space and lightness. The site chosen was close to the old library. For information on upcoming Evenings, please scroll down the homepage or visit the website calendar. The facade, exactly the length of the reading room, and the large windows, expressed the function of the building. [24] It also influenced the design of university libraries in the United States, including Low Memorial Library at Columbia University in New York and the Doe Library of the University of California at Berkeley by John Galen Howard, also a former student of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Copyright © 2020 The American Library in Paris. One hundred years ago, generous donations from readers in France and abroad made the American Library in Paris possible. [5], By the early 13th century the university library was already famous throughout Europe. ... Paris 9° 9 Paris 10° 10 Paris 11° 11 Paris 12 ° 12 Paris 13° 13 ... 13 / Bibliothèque Nationale. Congratulations to Maggie Paxson for The Plateau. [4] From 1108 to 1113, the scholar Peter Abelard taught at the Abbey school, challenging many aspects of traditional theology and philosophy. In 1790, the Abbey was secularized, and all of its property, including the library, was confiscated, and the community of monks who ran the library was broken up. The collection of the library had more than doubled in size, and needed more space. Du Mollinet founded a famous small museum, the Cabinet of Curiosities, with Egyptian, Greek and Roman antiquities, medals, rare minerals and stuffed animals, within in the library. The abbey was said to have been founded at the beginning of the 6th century at the suggestion of Saint Genevieve, who selected the site, across from the original Roman forum. Asim Khwaja Samsam ud-Daula Khan Dauran, ca. In the same spirit, the library and the Cabinet of Curiosities were opened to the public. [11], The celestial globe, from the cabinet of curiosities (17th century), Ceremonial Arawak baton from Cabinet of Curiosities (17t-18th century), Bust of the naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon by Jean-Antoine Houdon (18th century), Following the French Revolution, the status of the Library changed dramatically. Henri Labrouste et la bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, "Henri Labrouste: Structure Brought to Light", https://archive.org/details/bibliothequesaintegenevieve, Henri Labrouste - Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sainte-Geneviève_Library&oldid=960356647, Buildings and structures in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 June 2020, at 14:12. 13 / Quartier Chinois. While the settlement on the Ile-de-la-Cité was protected by the river, the abbey of Saint-Genevieve was sacked, and the books lost or carried away. The collection of the library was saved from destruction during the French Revolution. At the same time, the Abbey continued to produce manuscripts illuminated by hand. Vélib’ stations close to the Library How to use Vélib’, Saint Dominique – 3 min walk Quai Branly – Tour Eiffel – 4 min walk Joffre École Militaire – 9 min walk. 71v). During the reign of Louis VI of France (1108-1137) the Abbey had a particularly important role in European scholarship. Découvrez la bibliothèque numérique de la ville de Paris, plus de 20.000 ouvrages à télécharger, et à lire depuis sa tablette et son smartphone ! ISBN 978-2-07-013241-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link), Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}48°50′49.5″N 2°20′45″E / 48.847083°N 2.34583°E / 48.847083; 2.34583, Peyré, Yves, La bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève À travers les siècles. Though the library was supported by famous writers, including Victor Hugo and Jules Michelet, the son of King Louis-Philippe was a student at the lycée, and the lycée won. This virtual program lasts 45 minutes…, The American Library in Paris and Message Paris are organizing a Read-A-Thon to encourage reading, and raise funds for the American Library in Paris! A multi-cultural residential neighborhood which includes Paris' Chinatown and the ultra-modern Bibliothèque François Mitterand. In 2020, in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic, the Library continues to serve its community: Curbside lending gives members access to our print collections, and e-resources and virtual programs are forging a new, digital culture of discovery and … La bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève À travers les siècles (in French). Nom : Bibliothèque Italie Tél. The library's interior was used as the Film Academy Library for scenes of Martin Scorsese's Academy Award-winning 3D film Hugo, based on Brian Selznick's Caldecott Medal-winning novel The Invention of Hugo Cabret, where the title character and Isabelle go to find more information about a film which Hugo did not remember its name (A Trip to the Moon), later both finding out to their surprise that its creator is Georges Méliès, Isabelle's godfather. The building was classified as a national historic monument in 1992. Agnès Gerhards, … It provides more than one million documents written in all languages, formed from the … The manuscripts were of considerable value: each manuscript was marked with a warning notice that any person who stole or damaged a manuscript would be punished anathema, or the excommunication from the church. After the Revolution that building had been transformed into a hospital and then a military prison, and was largely in ruins. Some features of the old building, including the painted dome, can still be seen within the Lycée. [12], In 1796, the name of the library was changed; it became the National Library of the Pantheon. La bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève (BSG) est une bibliothèque interuniversitaire et publique située au 10, place du Panthéon, dans le 5 e arrondissement de Paris.Elle occupe un bâtiment édifié en 1851 par l'architecte Henri Labrouste [1] à l'emplacement de l'ancien collège de Montaigu, agrandi depuis et classé, avec ses aménagements et décors d'origine, au titre des … The iron structure of this reading room—a spine of sixteen slender, cast-iron Ionic columns dividing the space into twin aisles and supporting openwork iron arches that carry barrel vaults of plaster reinforced by iron mesh— is revered by Modernists for its introduction of high technology into a monumental building.[23]. MIT Press, 1987. His project was confirmed by the Chamber of Deputies in 1843, and a budget voted. The early holdings of the library from this time are listed in a 13th-century inventory (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS lat. However, he had to leave, under suspicion of being a heretical Jansenist. The modernist Place d’Italie is the site of one of the most ambitious French urban renewal projects and the Butte aux Cailles neighborhood with its cobblestone streets and numerous restaurants, cafes and nightlife, preserves a village-like atmosphere within Paris. After the death of Pingré the library was directed by a Pierre-Claude Francois Daunou. A central landmark in Paris, the Louvre is a must for anyone visiting France. Itinéraire entre les deux pôles; Accès et conditions d'inscription; The Book Award ceremony is the Library’s most significant donor appreciation event of the year. The building was completed in December 1850. and opened to the public on February 4, 1851. He had received few architectural commissions, but in 1838 he received the title of Inspector of Historic Monuments, and in this capacity he began to plan the new building. Le site internet de la Bibliothèque publique d'information du Centre Pompidou. Illumination in a manuscript of Livy, Ab urbe conduit, showing the foundation of Rome. Claim your free 50GB now A more serious change was made between 1928 and 1934. This Read-A-Thon…, For ages 12-18   Aspiring filmmakers, writers and actors are invited to join the Master Shot Film Club at the Library. This book dramatically details the 1942 plane journey undertaken by businessman-turned-maverick-internationalist Wendell Willkie to rally U.S. allies to the war effort. Coordinates. The Bibliothèque universitaire des langues et civilisations (BULAC) is a major academic library located in Paris Rive Gauche and which has been open to the public since its 2011 opening. Sign up for e-Libris, our e-newsletter, for the latest information. [1], The Abbey of St Genevieve is said to have been founded by King Clovis I and his queen, Clotilde. A center for literature, learning, culture, and community since 1920. To accomplish this, the seating plan of the reading room was drastically changed; the original plan had long tables which stretched the entire length of the room, divide by a central spine of bookshelves, making the room seem even longer. The library also displays a notable collection of eighty-six busts of French scientists, some made by the leading French sculptors of the 17th and 18th centuries, including busts by Antoine Coysevox, Jean-Antoine Houdon, and François Girardon. Zanten, David Van. The library also received collections of books confiscated from nobles who had fled abroad during the Revolution. [14], The fall of Napoleon and the restoration of the monarchy brought new problems for the Library. It is based on the collection of the Abbey of St Genevieve, which was founded in the 6th century by Clovis I, the King of the Franks. It was located near the present church of Saint-Étienne-du-Mont and the present Panthéon, which was built atop the original abbey church. [25] As the collection continued to grow, a new annex in the modernist style was added in 1954. Starting on Saturday 16 January, the Library will close each night at 18h in accordance with the new national curfew.

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